Pascal Line

Solutions and Asylum Procedures

A/Prof Derya Ozkul, Mature Research Guy, Refugee Studies Centre, College or university of Oxford

Increasingly, technology and algorithms are being used to streamline asylum procedures. These types of range from biometric matching search engines that examine iris scans and finger prints to databases for refugees and cachette to chatbots to help people register protection circumstances. These tools are designed to make this easier meant for states and agencies to process asylum applications, especially as much systems are slowed down due to the COVID-19 pandemic and increasing levels of obligated displacement.

But they raise a host of human privileges concerns. Included in this are privacy considerations, opaque decision-making, and the potential for biases or machine errors which may lead to discriminatory outcomes. In addition, they pose significant concerns to migrants and asylum seekers, who are often already disenfranchised and insecure.

Ozkul’s homework explores the ways in which new technologies may be used to verify details and narratives of migrant workers, allowing them to improve their asylum application process. It also discusses the ways through which these systems can create a specific informational space around migrants, and how that they configure their particular subjecthood. Pursuing Foucault, this lady argues that such algorithms are both territorial and institutional. For example , iris scanning methods can be seen since an institutional technology, as they require the migrant to a specific area in order to be recognised; while advice algorithms are commercial and global in their effects, configuring themes as customers.

As a result, they will enact a particular form of hegemonic power over displaced persons. This is especially true provided the current race to the bottom level in asylum policy : with some countries offering offers like the Nansen passport to aid cachette resettling and others imposing restrictive insurance policies that block their very own access to territory and force them back to dangerous and deadly travels.

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